“(…) and abstraction is an unnatural and very painful operation.”
(Rousseau, Second Discourse, p. 38)
Rousseau, in the context of the enlightenment, is considered special.
His thoughts were not the same as other intellectuals from his time.
Of course Voltaire and Montesquieu had also different ideas but, they shared, along with most of the people of their time, the general Enlightenment conception: reason would help humanity to achieve progress.
Rousseau also conceived human progress as a result of the use of reason, but, at the same time, as a regression, despite of how contradictory this may sound.
To have a better understanding of this idea, I´m going to describe the Rousseaunian concept of human nature; of the “original constitution” and, in a second post , of the man in the state of nature.
Seguir leyendo 66. Rousseau and the Human Nature