Archivo de la etiqueta: philosophy rousseau

67. Rousseau the State Of Nature

Author: Sr.Coperfield

As we mention in the earlier post about the human nature, one way of having an idea of the “original” man is to think him in the state of nature.

Rousseau has a lot to say about this. Also, he do not want to make the same mistake as others who “in speaking of savages they described citizen.” (Second Discourse, p. 14).

He refered to philosophers like Hobbes and Locke, who gave man in the state of nature characteristics such as sociability, reason, rights, and wishes, which, according to Rousseau, are qualities only acquired in civil society.

Rousseau wants to go back as much as possible in order to have a true idea of what is the savage like, and therefore, what is human nature like.

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66. Rousseau and the Human Nature

Author: Sr.Coperfield

“(…) and abstraction is an unnatural and very painful operation.”

 (Rousseau, Second Discourse, p. 38)

Rousseau, in the context of the enlightenment, is considered special.

His thoughts were not the same as other intellectuals from his time.

Of course Voltaire and Montesquieu had also different ideas but, they shared, along with most of the people of their time, the general Enlightenment conception: reason would help humanity to achieve progress.

Rousseau also conceived human progress as a result of the use of reason, but, at the same time, as a regression, despite of how contradictory this may sound.

To have a better understanding of this idea, I´m going to describe the Rousseaunian concept of human nature; of the “original constitution” and, in a second post , of the man in the state of nature.

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